You’ve chosen your dissertation topic, but you’re wondering how to acknowledge the ideas of others you’ve used to support your position? One way to do so is via referencing all the sources you’ve cited at the end of your text. APA, or American Psychological Association, style is the most commonly used referencing styles to cite sources within the psychological and social sciences. If you need a bit of help with your dissertation, here‘s how you can master APA referencing.
Citing a book
If you’re citing a book, for instance, you’d need to write the author’s last name, followed by a comma and their first initial. Put the year in brackets, followed by the name of the book, full stop, and the city where the book was published. No titles or degrees should be included and in case they’re multiple authors, you should list them all in the same format:
Smith, J. (2010) How to do APA referencing. London: Random Publishing House
Citing a journal article
If you’re citing a journal article, you should generally follow the same outline. The only difference is that the name of the journal should be italicized, and every important word needs to be capitalized. Finish the reference by including the journal’s volume and issue number (if there are such), followed by the page numbers, on which the article appears.
Smith, J. (2014) How to cite journals according to APA. APA for students, 3(5), 58-73.
Citing a web document or page
Finally, if you’re referencing a page or document you found online, you need to cite the author’s last name, initial, date of publication in parenthesis, as well as the title of the article in italics. Include the words “retrieved from”. Never finish the reference with a period.
Smith, J. (2016) Why use APA citation. Retrieved from http://website.com
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