Browsing Referencing styles

How Is Dissertation Evaluated – According to Best Dissertation Help

May17

A dissertation determines your overall grade and can either help your academic career or break it. It requires investing time, energy, motivation and skills such as research skills in order to do a great job. However, to ensure that your dissertation is not only accepted but also wins you a great grade and high regard, you must present an original dissertation that fulfills the objectives it has indicated. It should be well-researched, coherent and a demonstration of knowledge applied in solving a real life situation effectively. To produce such a dissertation and get high marks for it, you need to know how a dissertation is evaluated so that you can tailor it for a great evaluation. While these evaluations differ among different departments or universities the criteria is pretty much the same and may include the following:

 

  • Emphasis is mainly placed the skill with which you have used the research methods to obtain scientifically presented findings as well as masterfully draw conclusions from these results.
  • The dissertation should be original and relevant as well as demonstrate your ability to thoroughly conduct a research study.
  • It should fulfill the requirements of your discipline/ department.
  • The study should be well-designed and well-presented without any, or with minimal, grammatical or style errors.
  • Your literature review should be relevant and very specific to your topic instead of an account of general information related to your field of study. The review should be both descriptive and critically analyze previous works while explicitly showing how his methodology and the review are linked.
  • The dissertation you present should have the research methodology appropriate and justified. You should minimize the likelihood of bias and limitations.
  • The findings from your research should answer your research questions as well as meet your objectives. There should be no doubt as to the testing of your hypotheses.
  • Your results should be well presented such that the patterns can be clearly identified and have been summarized.
  • In your discussion make a point of analyzing the main points first and speculations or reconceptualization should be well founded in the results presented as well as linked to literature. Results should be interpreted exhaustively and innovatively related to the research hypothesis.
  • The reference list should give a complete and accurate account of sources used in the dissertation.
  • Finally, there should be some recommendations for future studies.
  • Once the evaluation is done by supervisors and advisors who propose a grade that is either confirmed or rejected by a board of examiners, the final grade is given.

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How to write your dissertation

January27

The dissertation should be your own work and not simply a collection of parts of papers from the literature. Plagiarism, whether from journals, books or internet sources, will be severely punished and will result in an automatic failure (see section on plagarism)

You should read as many primary references (i.e. original papers as opposed to reviews and books) as possible and base your dissertation on these sources. When you have assembled the information for your dissertation you should plan its presentation: this is most easily accomplished by dividing your dissertation into sections, each with its own heading. Where appropriate each section is further divided into sub–sections each with its sub–heading.

Always remember that your dissertation has to be read and understood by other people and that this process is easier the greater the structure given to the dissertation. You should write in good grammatical English using paragraphs, as appropriate. The dissertation should be divided into sections. All dissertations must have

(i)                A Title Page giving the title of the project, your name, department; the date; type of project.

(ii)              This should be followed by a Contents Page listing the headings (and sub-headings) of the sections of the project dissertation and the appropriate page numbers. The dissertation should be paginated in a single sequence from start to finish numbering each page.

(iii)             Although usually the last part to be drafted, an Abstract (one page maximum) should be included before the main text. The abstract is designed to summarise the work that follows. It should briefly underline the importance of the work and the aims of the project, summarise succinctly but accurately what is contained in the dissertation and dissertation the principal conclusions. It must be self-contained and you should not cross-reference to the main text or to the references. Abbreviations should not be used in the abstract.

(iv)            It is often convenient to have a Glossary or Abbreviation Section on conventions used such as abbreviations, nomenclature — especially the numbering system used — and any other items which are used repeatedly in the dissertation but which a non-expert reader (e.g. another third year student) would not be familiar with.

(v)              The Introduction should cover the general background to the area of work which is covered by the project. This section may only need references to appropriate reviews and/or books.

(vi)            In the Main Review the references should be mainly to the original literature. It is usually best to subdivide the review into separate sections each with its own heading. This helps the reader identify the content matter and from the contents page the logic of the dissertation is apparent. If you use scanned material of, for example, structures, graphs or diagrams the origin of the material should be indicated with a reference number, usually in the legend. Chemical formulae should be numbered with Arabic numbers (not Roman). As they are time consuming to draw it is best not to repeat more formulae than necessary and just use the appropriate formula numbers. All chemical structures should be drawn using ChemDraw or other appropriate chemical drawing package. In the text, the reference is indicated by a superscript number which corresponds to the numbered list of references given at the end of the dissertation. References must be presented sequentially through the dissertation, starting with reference 1. If it is necessary to quote a reference more than once the number assigned to it the first time is re-used, ie. the list of references should not contain duplicates. The reference number should be placed after the statement or sentence to which it applies.

(vii)           The Conclusions section is not a summary of the work (this is the role of the Abstract). It should contain the key pieces of knowledge that you are trying to impart and an overall conclusions. It may also contain an indication of future work.

(viii)         The last section of the project dissertation should be the References numbered in order. This must follow the Royal Society of Chemistry style. Note that the references will be those used in all previous sections — introduction and review. The sources of all information used should be indicated by means of references. Where only a secondary source has been consulted this should be quoted in the reference list together with the appropriate primary source. It is assumed that unless otherwise stated a reference covers all of the material presented until a new reference is cited.  A leaflet on citing references in Chemistry is available below; use it!

Format & Typing

It is important that your dissertation is easy to read. It should be word-processed with one-and-a-half-spaced typescript, and printed (single-sided) with adequate margins (2.50 cm) to permit binding. The recommended font is Times New Roman Size 12 and the pages must be numbered. It is best not to repeat more structures than necessary and instead to subsequently refer to the appropriate identifying numbers.

Proof-Reading

Dissertations are expected to be virtually error-free; a dissertation containing several errors per page is completely unacceptable. You should certainly use the spell-checker built into the word-processing package to catch simple typographical errors, but you also need to carefully read through the report to catch other types of error. You will almost certainly need to carry out this proof-reading several times. You are strongly recommended to print out the final draft of the dissertation as it much easier to spot errors when reading a paper copy than on screen. 

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Which analytical tool to use in dissertation?

July17

SPSS – Analytical Tool To Use in Dissertation.

Spss (statistical Package for social sciences) is a software that was launched by the IBM. This data is used for the students as it allows them to do data entry and create various tables along with graphs to analyze the data thoroughly. This software is much applicable to the social science and buzz world, health researchers, survey companies, government, education researchers, marketing organizations, data miner where the data to be managed, is move and calculations are lengthy. It can be easily installed on a computer running any versions of windows as well as for desktops having an open sources operating system. The data is entered through the worksheet, and the various options are present to work on the data. For example, under the data option, you will have a list that includes multiple formats of searching, sorting and arranging it. Also, there is a choice of a graph that allows the user to plot graphs of different types depending upon the requirement of data. It is a graphical user interface (GUI), and no written commands are required.

EXCEL – Analytical Tool To Use in Dissertation.

Excel is excellent for data management and pre-processing raw data prior to data analysis.

Microsoft Excel is a program that contains spreadsheets allowing the users to enter numerical and formulae for calculations. This software is marked as highly useful for statistical calculations. It includes a list of methods and thus allow the users to just select the row and formula. There might be some methods that are no included in the list but they can be appended manually by the user. it has an additional feature which makes it more suitable for the users. It contains a list of different graphs that can be included in the calculation process making it easy for the user to display the results. In addition to the basic design, there are a lot of new types of graphs that are included in the list, the pages are called spreadsheets and are in tabular form. The users can work simultaneously on different sheets, and the collection of sheets is known   as a work book therefor the user have to install the entire Microsoft office for excel to work properly. It is mainly available for windows users

 

EVIEWS Analytical Tool To Use in Dissertation.

(Econometric View) is a statistical software for windows, and is a modern econometric, statistics, and forecasting package that offers powerful analytical tools within a flexible, easy to use interface. Using eviews, you can manage your data very quickly and efficiently, perform econometric and statistical analysis, generate forecasts or model simulations, and produce high-quality graphs and tables for publication or inclusion in other applications. The easy to use interface simplifies every step of the process from data input and import, to data visualization, statistical analysis, estimation, forecasting and model solving, publication quality presentation output. However, for input and output, it supports numerous formats, and it can import Excel data and it is also used to produce a histogram.

NVIVO – Analytical Tool To Use in Dissertation.

Nvivo is great for organizing data and helping you to make sense of it during the process of analysis. It assists you to organize, analyzes and notice insights in unstructured, or qualitative information like open-ended survey responses. Articles, social media, interviews and web content. In my past experience, on a couple of large qualitative projects, using Nvivo has been so useful for managing large amounts of data, particularly text in the form of transcripts.

When working with qualitative data, your work will be more time consuming, challenging to manage, and hard to navigate if you don’t use Nvivvo, importantly, completing this kind of dissertation without software can make it very complex to discover connections in your data and find new insights that will give you an edge

it gives you a place to organize and manage your material so that you can start to find perceptions in your data. It also provides tools that allow you to ask questions of your data in a more efficient way.

By using Nvivo to support your dissertation you can:

  • Work more efficiently
  • Save time
  • Quickly organize, store and retrieve data
  • Rigorously back-up findings with evidence

Projectsdeal is proven to be more reliable among other dissertation writing services. Depending on complexity of the work, experts decide which tool has to be used. Projectsdeal offer the best and most appropriate analytical tools for your dissertation.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESIS AND DISSERTATION

June12

Individuals who constantly find this piece of information tangible are undergraduate and those that choose to add more value to their first degree. In order to have a good grade, writing good thesis or dissertation is a prerequisite. Although, most institutions now offers coursework detailing the difference between thesis or dissertation to enhance their students’ performance in preparatory for project write up in their final year, yet understanding the difference appears to be more difficult; probably because of the significant similarities between the two great work or base on the fact that they are mostly used interchangeably. Both thesis and dissertation are heavier and heavier labor intensive and must be treated seriously.

Both documents are similar in structure as they contain an introduction, an overview of literature, body, conclusion, bibliography and appendix.

Basic Differences

  1. Thesis is usually required for a master’s degree while dissertations are usually required for doctorate degrees. However, the ring of confusion with this difference is that some master’s degree do not require thesis but students furthering on a doctorate will be advice to take a master degree that requires knowledge of thesis.
  2. A prove of knowledge acquired throughout your graduate program is established in thesis while dissertation is an opportunity during a doctorate program to showcase an innovative ideas, theories or practices to your field. The point is to achieve a completely new concept, to develop and defend its values.
  3. Thesis laid emphasis on your ability to think critically about a particular subject and discuss the knowledge with in-depth analysis for clear understanding while dissertation, uses research to simply come up with new ideas entirely and test your hypothesis, theory or concept. Most of the information in the dissertation is credible.
  4. In a master’s project the student’s ideas are welcomed and expected but the focus is on obtaining technical expertise, not doing original research while a doctorate degree which makes use of dissertation strongly depend on doing original research. While a thesis should always be composed on an original subject and include your hypothesis, while working alongside an advisor. Dissertations are made up of original insights and collected knowledge that you have accumulated throughout your studies.
  5. Dissertations are usually written separate from your studies and are only reviewed when you submit a draft to one of your peers. Although both require supporting evidence the dissertation is based more on opinion than subject research, while a thesis puts conclusive research ahead of author opinion.
  6. Lastly, there is an obvious difference between the length of thesis and dissertation. Master’s thesis must be at least 100 pages in length, probably a little more than that. However, the doctoral dissertation must be much more, because they include a lot of background research and information with every detail of their proposal and how it got the information. A dissertation is an extremely complex task. You can as well receive guidance from a faculty member who will serve as your dissertation advisor. This advisory will be there to point you in the right direction, if caught, can help locate resources and ensure that your proposal is on the right track.

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Top Essay Writing Services in UK

June5

These days it is imperative for students to write an essay for their university to get good grades. Everybody wants to write the best essay. Students who are assigned an essay for the very first time get stressed out on how would they complete their task on time? Their best solution would be, finding a writer to fulfill the requirement and keeping to university standards and where you can get such is at   Projects deal who are professionals in essay writing in the UK.

Essay writing has certain components such as

  • Writing an exploratory research.
  • Persuasive essays.
  • Analytical essay.
  • Report writing.
  • Research papers and much more.

 

The main factors and focus before hiring a professional to do your work are:

 

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  • Experience: use an essay service with experienced authors to ensure that they know what the trends are and what expectations levels they are to keep.
  • Training and Development: use an essay service that trains their staff regularly to ensure that they keep abreast with the changing mechanisms of the grading and assessment criteria.

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Dissertation Writing Sеrvісеѕ

June16

Higher еduсаtіоn ѕtudеntѕ often nееd dіѕѕеrtаtіоn hеlр. It іѕ one of the most daunting tasks аt соllеgе and саn mаkе or break a dеgrее, which mаkеѕ dіѕѕеrtаtіоn hеlр сruсіаl. It rеԛuіrеѕ tіmе, еxtеnѕіvе rеѕеаrсh and systematic аnаlуtісаl аbіlіtу. Mоѕt ѕtudеntѕ have tо multitask bеtwееn ѕubjесtѕ аnd thеrеfоrе may nоt bе аblе tо рrіоrіtіzе thеіr dіѕѕеrtаtіоn. Mоrеоvеr, іnѕuffісіеnt knоwlеdgе оf ѕуѕtеmаtіс rеѕеаrсh methodology аnd rесоgnіzеd fоrmаttіng of the dіѕѕеrtаtіоn paper can undеrmіnе a ѕtudеnt’ѕ work. Duе tо thеѕе factors, they have tо ѕееk рrоfеѕѕіоnаl hеlр for a gооd dіѕѕеrtаtіоn.

Students do nоt аlwауѕ know whеrе thеу can ѕееk thіѕ help. Hоwеvеr, fіndіng a рrоfеѕѕіоnаl асаdеmіс wrіtеr оnlіnе іѕ nоt аѕ hard or costly as it may fіrѕt seem. Hіrіng a dissertation еdіtоr оnlіnе іѕ lіkе any other ѕеrvісеѕ. The рrоvіdеrѕ are vеrу ѕkіllеd іn their раrtісulаr fіеld and thеіr еxреrіеnсе mеаnѕ thеу are well ассuѕtоmеd to completing thеіr task wіthіn thе required time.

Prоfеѕѕіоnаl еxреrtіѕе

Thе dіѕѕеrtаtіоn writing services UK рrоvіdеrѕ аrе рrоfеѕѕіоnаlѕ within thеіr field, wіth оutѕtаndіng knоwlеdgе аnd experience. They аrе vеrу muсh аdерt іn mаkіng рlаnѕ, оrgаnіzіng thе research аnd соmроѕіtіоn, fоrmаttіng, рrооfrеаdіng and еdіtіng асаdеmіс аrtісlеѕ. Thеу are equally ѕkіllеd іn rеѕеаrсh methodology and lіtеrаturе review. Hеnсе a client can bе sure оf a very gооd dіѕѕеrtаtіоn іf thеу hаvе сhоѕеn аn аррrорrіаtе dіѕѕеrtаtіоn еdіtоr.

Thе dissertation еdіtоrѕ’ еxреrіеnсе gоеѕ bеуоnd асаdеmіс ԛuаlіfісаtіоn. Thеу аrе аdерt at соmmunісаtіоn. Aѕ thе ѕеrvісе іѕ provided online, соntасt іѕ kept еаѕу and ideas саn bе ѕhаrеd аt thе сlісk оf a buttоn.

Lіkеwіѕе, clients can be аѕѕurеd that thеіr dіѕѕеrtаtіоn еdіtоr will not рlаgіаrіzе. Plаgіаrіѕm іѕ a great рrоblеm fоr any dissertation, аnd may еvеn саuѕе thе саnсеllаtіоn оf a dеgrее. Studеntѕ аrе naturally wаrу of this. A рrоfеѕѕіоnаl dіѕѕеrtаtіоn help рrоvіdеr wіll be wеll аwаrе оf thе issue аnd kееn tо рrоgrеѕѕ thе ѕtudеnt сlіеnt’ѕ academic ѕuссеѕѕ honestly.

Correct fоrmаttіng

Dіѕѕеrtаtіоn hеlр tеаmѕ are wеll-vеrѕеd іn dіffеrеnt rесоgnіzеd writing formats. They саn handle vаrіоuѕ styles like APA, Chісаgо and so оn wіth еаѕе. Thеу can also mаkе соrrесt rеfеrеnсеѕ ассоrdіng tо the сhоѕеn fоrmаtѕ.

Gооd Value

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Whіlе money mау рrоvе thе mоѕt important issue аt hаnd, ѕаvіng tіmе is аlѕо vеrу іmроrtаnt for students wіth a lot оf wоrk оn thеіr plate. Hіrіng a рrореrlу dependable dіѕѕеrtаtіоn help саn gіvе thеm rеlіеf аnd let thеm uѕе thеіr vаluаblе tіmе іn ѕоmе other tаѕkѕ. For a student client, thе advantages оf hiring a dissertation еdіtоr speak fоr thеmѕеlvеѕ.

 

How to do APA style referencing – Easy Steps

February22

You’ve chosen your dissertation topic, but you’re wondering how to acknowledge the ideas of others you’ve used to support your position? One way to do so is via referencing all the sources you’ve cited at the end of your text. APA, or American Psychological Association, style is the most commonly used referencing styles to cite sources within the psychological and social sciences. If you need a bit of help with your dissertation, here‘s how you can master APA referencing.

  1. Citing a book

If you’re citing a book, for instance, you’d need to write the author’s last name, followed by a comma and their first initial. Put the year in brackets, followed by the name of the book, full stop, and the city where the book was published. No titles or degrees should be included and in case they’re multiple authors, you should list them all in the same format:

Smith, J. (2010) How to do APA referencing. London: Random Publishing House
  1. Citing a journal article

If you’re citing a journal article, you should generally follow the same outline. The only difference is that the name of the journal should be italicized, and every important word needs to be capitalized. Finish the reference by including the journal’s volume and issue number (if there are such), followed by the page numbers, on which the article appears.

Smith, J. (2014) How to cite journals according to APA. APA for students, 3(5), 58-73.
  1. Citing a web document or page

Finally, if you’re referencing a page or document you found online, you need to cite the author’s last name, initial, date of publication in parenthesis, as well as the title of the article in italics. Include the words “retrieved from”. Never finish the reference with a period.

Smith, J. (2016) Why use APA citation. Retrieved from http://website.com

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What Is Harvard Style Referencing?

January18

Referencing is mandatory in any academic writing to avoid plagiarism and to justify the credibility of your work, ideas and/or theories. There are many styles of referencing and they mostly vary very little, mostly in the publication indication and style guides as well as punctuations. The Harvard style of referencing is set in in text referencing and in the list of references at the end of the publication.

In text

Like most other referencing styles including the APA style, the Harvard style of referencing is an author and date in text referencing style. That means that for every publication that you quote or paraphrase within your PhD thesis proposal, you should indicate the author and the date of the publication. In the event that you have directly or indirectly quoted more than one phrase from different pages of the same publication within your work, you should indicate the page number of your quotations. For instance (William. 2000. p. 30 and p. 37), if the same idea applies or is explained in the pages or (William. 2000. p. 30) and then (William. 2000. p. 37), if you are indicating different citations. Remember to always ask for dissertation writing help from professional writing services or PhD dissertation services if you are unsure of how you should effectively reference your work in Harvard style referencing.

Reference list

Much like the APA style, the Harvard style of referencing also requires that an individual indicates in a list at the end of their dissertation, the references that have been used within the textual content of the dissertation. The reference list usually carries all the information necessary for anyone reading your dissertation, to track the source of the information and ascertain whether your information, assertions, ideas or theories are correct. According to the Harvard style of referencing, each reference should include the following information in the following order; The name(s) of the author(s) of the publication, the year of publication, the title of the publication as indicated in the publication itself, the edition of the publication (if it is not the 1st edition), the place where it was published and the name of the publisher. In the event that you are quoting from an edited version of a publication indicate first; the name(s) of the editor(s), the year of publication of the edited publication, the title of the edited publication, the edition of the publication, the place where it was published and the name of the publisher followed by the information on the original publication, both separated by a colon (:). The punctuations however, vary.

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What Is APA Style Referencing?

January18

For any academic writing, there is usually a set style in which an individual or professional writing service should quote or paraphrase the work of other people. The guidelines about how to reference the work of another scholar, are detailed in a variety of referencing styles, one of which is the APA style. The APA style is the referencing style that was developed by the American Psychological Association and is applied worldwide in a wide variety of publications.
There are various rules that are prescribed to an individual or academic writing service intending to use the APA style for referencing. Though there are many variations as to the use of punctuation marks, the general guidelines remain unchanged. When you write a PhD thesis proposal, whether for yourself or if you are offering online dissertation writing, you should pay attention to the following APA style guidelines;
In text
For any academic writing, including PhD thesis proposal and literature reviews, each quotation from another individual’s work, whether directly quoted or paraphrased, should be followed by a reference to the author of the work. In APA style referencing, you usually indicate the author’s name, beginning with his/her surname, followed by the date of publication. For a fictional writer say James who wrote a publication about the effects of oil spillage on marine life in 2000, we would quote his work as either (James R., 2007) or James R. (2007). In the event of multiple authors in the reference it would be (James R. & Ruth F., 2007) or James R. and Ruth F. (2007). Note the use of “and” and the ampersand (&). When a specific page or paragraph is quoted, it would be (James R. & Ruth F., 2007; p. 76.) or (James R. & Ruth F., 2007; pp. 76.) The punctuation rules vary. In case of a specific paragraph it would be (James R. and Ruth F., 2007; pp. 76. Para 6). This is used mostly in the event of a direct quotation.
Reference list
The APA style of referencing mandates that an individual must write a list of references at the end of the publication. After you write a dissertation, you need to identify a list of references at the end. They should be arranged in alphabetical order, using the surname of the first order as indicated in the text. In the examples used above for instance, if James R. and Ruth F. were different authors, James R. and his publication would be indicated before that of Ruth F. Similarly, if in the in text references Ruth’s name came before James’ name, as in (Ruth F. & James R., 2007), then Ruth’s name would be used as the determinant for the alphabetical order in the reference list. The reference list publication is indicated as follows; Author(s), Date of Publication, Title of Publication, Source or Publisher.
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