Best Structure for Dissertation


A dissertation is the most important writing you will do in your study program. It is not a wonder therefore, that it can seem like an overwhelming task to undertake. To make it less daunting and more easily tackled, make a plan that will keep it manageable. This will help you in selecting the area of interest, choosing an approach and research title, making an outline and finding the sources you need. While there is a basic and generally accepted structure for a dissertation, the structure may differ from one department or university to another hence you should always check the guidelines provided to ensure your dissertation is structured as per the instructions. However, the best structure for a dissertation includes planning for a word limit and chapter arrangement that will best suit the topic. Nevertheless, the dissertation is divided into preliminary pages and the body. The latter has various chapters each tacking a particular issue.

The Preliminary Pages

These include the title page, abstract, acknowledgment, declaration of originality, table of contents, list of figures, list of tables, definitions and list of any accompanying material. The title is particular to the area of interest and the abstract a summary of your dissertation. The acknowledgement gives credit to the people who have specially helped you in your dissertation. On the other hand, the content pages indicate the contents, figures, and tables among others included in your final paper.


This consists of chapters such as the introduction chapter, literature review, research methodology, results or findings, analysis and discussion, conclusions, recommendations, references, and appendices.

  • The introduction is a presentation of the research problem and justification as well as providing a brief outline of your work and laying the theoretical framework for your research.
  • The literature review on the other hand, is a way of examining existing work and showing the gaps that your research seeks to fill or problems it resolves.
  • Next is the research methodology which is an account and description of the methods you will use to conduct the research. These methods should be clearly stated such that future replications of your research can be possible.
  • Once you carry out your research the findings, you get a dedicated chapter of their own. These clearly answer the main as well as specific objectives and question that you thesis posed.
  • After findings, you are required to discuss and analyze your findings in a way that validates the usefulness of your research. Indeed, in analysis and discussion, always refer to your suppositions and also state any additions made that you had not outlined earlier.
  • Finally, draw your conclusions highlighting all the main points of your research and recommend any future work. Add a reference and appendix, and you are good to go!

How to Write a Literature Review


A flawed literature review could derail your thesis/dissertation. It is a demonstration of your understanding of previous research, its limitations as well as your field of study. A literature review is usually dismissed when it actually shows important facts related to your topic and is a critical analysis of works that justify what is done or known which in turn determines the value of your research. Your research topic is deemed justifiable or credible if it either resolves conflict among previous works or identifies better/new methods to interpret gaps in previous research. This makes a literature review a critical point in your PhD research proposal.

How to Prepare Before Writing a Literature Review

  • Seek clarification concerning the number of sources you require, types of sources and whether to summarize, synthesize, evaluate or critique your sources.
  • Find literature review examples that are related to your research topic to help you familiarize with themes and structure that you may want to use for your own review.
  • Limit the scope of the literature you want to review to gain a deeper understanding and survey of your area of interest.
  • Look for recent or current sources for your review to avoid research duplication. Choose sources based on author’s credentials, neutrality, credibility and value to your own research.
  • Read your source while making critical notes and find a focus upon which you can base the structure of your literature review as related to your PhD proposal.

Writing the Review

Your review should consist of an introduction which has a main theme, a body in which you discuss your sources and a conclusion which is a summary and recommendations based on your discussions in the body. The review there should clearly show major achievements with regard to the topic chosen, the debate areas and research questions. Follow the following steps to write a good literature review:

  1. Tips to analyzing literature effectively
  • Establish early on the importance of the topic you have settled on for your research proposal.
  • Describe the studies and time frame of the topic involved.
  • Identify any landmark studies.
  • Cite all specific references.
  • State your point of view and ensure the review is coherent in its flow of argument.
  1. Choose a way to organize your review such as by publication chronology, trend such as detailing the history of a certain medical practice, theme/issue affecting the topic, researcher’s methodologies or by current information.
  2. Use evidence in making your point and showing the validity of your arguments.
  3. Select the most important themes or points in each source that affect your research.
  4. Relate each source’s significance to your topic by summarizing and synthesizing them.
  5. Present ideas while keeping your voice and avoiding plagiarism.
  6. Revise your draft until you get a clean copy that presents your arguments coherently while following the outline and rules as per your discipline’s requirements.
  7.  You can handover your academic worries to experts on

How to Do Harvard Style Referencing

December25 is developing an app for auto Harvard Style referencing. When writing research proposal, thesis or essay, you need to reference your work to ensure that you avoid accusations of plagiarism. You, therefore, need to write an extensive list of materials you referred to in your essay. This is called a reference or a bibliography and it serves as an acknowledgment and accreditation for sources that have helped you come up with an original research study. However, since you just can’t write a reference haphazardly, you have to follow a chronological structure widely accepted in the academic field and specified by your discipline. This is called a referencing style. There are many referencing styles used of which the Author-title and Author-date are the most popular in dissertations. Harvard referencing style is a popular style and if chosen should be used accurately as well as consistently throughout your dissertation. There are two types of referencing in your dissertation:

  • In-text citations where you cite your sources in the main body of your thesis.
  • End-text-citations or Reference list which involves dedicating a section at the end of your dissertation to list all your sources.

General Rules of the Harvard Referencing Style

  1. In-text citations are within the text and not given as footnotes. These citations list the author’s name, year of publication and pages used, all enclosed in brackets.
  2. The thesis or dissertation should have a bibliography at the end that lists all works referred to in your thesis. This list of references is organized alphabetically by author. It is also organized chronologically in cases where there are two or more works written by the same author.
  3. For each source, the reference starts by the author’s surname, and then their first name using initials. The year of publication in brackets follows.
  4. When referencing book sources written by more than three authors, the name of the first is given followed by ‘et al’. After the title information ends with a period, the city of publication followed by publisher and number of pages are given.
  5. Book titles are in italics while all article titles follow a regular style of writing and are placed in quotation marks. Where the article is published in a book or journal, the titles of these sources are written in italics. However, if the article is from a digital source, both the web address, as well as the date when the article is accessed (in square brackets), must be given.
  6. Whenever a web page is used as a source, the title should be in italics and if affiliated with an institution, the name of the institution linked should be given. Furthermore, the web address as well as date of access should also be given.
  7. Finally, a hanging indent is used for the entire list of sources.

Tips for Scoring A+ In Coursework


Do you plan your coursework to learn effectively? Do you plan your time to avoid rushing at the last minute? Do you know what your professor expects from you? Scoring A+ in your coursework is dependent on this among other things. It is challenging to take on the coursework every semester or year and to have it contribute to your overall grade. This means that poor coursework will translate into poor overall grades which you absolutely do not want. Most students rush the last minute after worrying about their coursework without actually making the necessary changes to help them achieve good grades. Don’t worry though for here are tips to help you score A+ in your coursework.

  • Understand what your coursework involves, the topics, themes, as well as how the grades are distributed throughout the entire duration of this work. This helps you know what to work towards, prepare yourself mentally and come up with a suitable plan of work for the semester/year.
  • Most of what makes up your coursework are assignments that mainly involve writing essays to show your understanding of the topics taught in class and how you apply them to problems set by your professors. In such assignments, one of the keys to getting top marks is to understand and familiarize yourself with the marking guidelines of your university and department.
  • Secondly, you should not seek to hurriedly complete your assignments without understanding its requirements as well as the amount of research involved.
  • Avoid plagiarizing your work. Not only is it an offense in most departments that could cause you valuable marks and penalties but it also makes you look incompetent to your professor which may bring on more challenges for you in the course of your other classes with them.
  • Ensure that you are aware of your professor’s requirements for each essay given and can, therefore, edit your essay to suit those specific needs increasing the likelihood of your getting the highest grade in your paper. Failure to do this can result in a paper that doesn’t quite meet the expectations and no matter its quality, can only garner average marks at best.
  • To ensure high-quality papers always be original, have coherence, great grammar as well as great content as per your professor`s requirements. Proofreading your work or getting coursework help or proof reading services from a reputable writing service will help you cinch that A+ in your papers.



Why Is Projectsdeal Number One Dissertation Writing Service in UK


Writing a successful dissertation is a daunting task, and sometimes you require dissertation help. In the UK, finding dissertation writing services is can be a hassle as most companies have contradicting information and you may invest your trust in such a company only to get low-quality work. However, going with the most trusted dissertation service in the UK will not only help you get great marks but also eliminate the stress of handling your thesis/dissertation by yourself. Carrying out a PhD research proposal while maintaining a busy work or family life can add a lot of stresses in your life and even prevent you from doing your level best. Seeking out thesis help from a reputable service will, however, smooth your research.

Projectsdeal is a reputable dissertation writing service in the UK that has established itself as a top-notch go-to service that employs serious and qualified writers, researchers and professors to help research, write, edit and proof read your dissertation to your custom needs. In operation since 2001, the writing service continues to surpass expectations in regard to the quality of its writing services. It offers help with coursework, essay help, theses and dissertation offering different plans to choose from. Indeed due to the trusted reputation that Projectsdeal has gained, it cannot be recommended enough by students who have used the service to their immense satisfaction.

Services and Features Offered by Projectsdeal

  • Projectsdeal offers plagiarism free dissertations which meet your specific requirements and deadlines.
  • It also offers excellent dissertation writing services including essay help, dissertation help, PhD proposal writing, thesis help and other coursework services.
  • Projectsdeal offers three service plans to suit different needs and budget plans of the student. These are the Economy, Royal and Premium plans as outlined in their website.
  • The trusted writing service helps write your dissertation regardless of your field of study, discipline, or academic level which ensures that you will not receive a low-quality paper.
  • It has a dedicated customer services that coordinate you and your project manager as well as answering any questions that you may have prior, during and after your dissertation is written.
  • Downloading of free dissertation examples that the writing service has worked on as a way of confirming the quality of services offered.
  • There is a guaranteed assurance of top quality. Indeed, over 82% of Projectsdeal clients since its inception have received Distinctions and Merits.
  • Its well-structured website offers a great deal of information that helps you know what to expect such as absolute confidentiality and revisions according to the detailed plans offered.


Where to Get References for Dissertation


When writing a dissertation, you require a list of materials to use or refer to gain a deeper knowledge about your research. Such references are especially crucial when writing the literature review and need to be thoroughly examined, specifically limited to the scope of your study as current as possible, though older sources should also be considered.

A dissertation is a research study you undertake for your doctoral studies and in this study, you are required to present ideas and knowledge you have gained in your own way to prove intellectual congruence. This means that while you do use other people’s ideas, you should not reproduce their word and you should cite them clearly giving credit where due using a system of referencing. To have a good idea of what references to use look at dissertation examples or find dissertation help by using dissertation writing services to ease you through the process and ensure you that your work is original.

Importance of Referencing

  • Referencing acknowledges sources used in the dissertation such ass books, journal articles, data etc.
  • It enables the reader to identify and refer to your sources in case they need to verify the credibility of arguments you have put forward.
  • It enables you to avoid plagiarizing your work which happens when you use any facts, theories or figures without accrediting them.
  • Correct referencing can net you a better grade for your dissertation module as it shows that you have read widely and in addition adds weight to the validity of your arguments.

Finding References (Sources) for your Dissertation

Below is a list of effective sources that you can use to get information relevant for your dissertation:

  1. Books

These may be printed in which case the university or city library would be your best bet, or eBooks which you can look for online on the variety of websites that provide academic books.

  1. Journal Articles

These are articles on research topics usually published in popular academic journals and can be found both libraries and websites such as Jstor.

  1. Web Search

A search of materials on the Internet can help you gather data and literature related to your topic from reputable websites. A good trick is to enter your search as your research topic terminated by a question mark.

  1. Statistics

Most dissertations require statistics and facts, especially when stating and justifying your research area. To get this data, gather from sources ranging from annual surveys, financial data, company booklets and libraries among other sources.


What Is Supervisor Looking For In Dissertation


Writing a dissertation to meet your supervisor’s specific requirements is a daunting task. Not only is quality, ethics and preparedness monitored and measured in dissertation supervision but also, it is not rare to come across supervisors who ridicule you for any inconsistencies in your work or slow progress among other things. However, arming yourself with the knowledge of what to expect from your supervisor could go a long way to ensure you get effective and useful supervision, reduce the stresses involved during the period of coming up with dissertation topics, and seeing it through to a successful end.

Your supervisor helps you in coming up with research questions, formulating a work plan, and analyzing results from any conducted studies or experiments. He is in charge of monitoring your progress. Once you are assigned a supervisor for your dissertation module, you may find it difficult to forge a connection especially if they have never taught you or tend to be very busy. Knowing what kind of support to expect from them as well as what they expect from you is imperative to the success of your dissertation. While different colleges and departments have varied expectations, staff and deadlines with regard to dissertations, there are basic things required of you by your dissertation supervisor. These include but are not limited to:

  • When you first make contact, give an outline of what you would like your dissertation to involve as well as an initial work plan which shows initiative and need for support too.
  • Come up with good dissertation topics and know what to expect by looking at some dissertation examples or getting dissertation help.
  • Your supervisor also expects you to know the guidelines, rules and regulations regarding the dissertation structure and entire writing process hence read and familiarize yourself with them in advance.
  • Keep appointments, take them seriously by showing up on time and with some develop to discuss about.
  • Ask sensible specific questions concerning your dissertation only after exhausting other avenues such as in dissertation guidelines and rules.
  • Make the necessary revisions on your dissertation based on their advice. This shows that you value their advice and respect them hence, forging a better relationship and gaining from their experience.
  • Plan your next work stage and targets based on your supervisor’s commentaries, advice, constructive criticisms and expectations expressed during your sessions with them.
  • Nurture this relationship by also showing an interest in their work and what to do so that it is not an all-take and no give relationship.
  • Lastly, remember that your supervisor is only there to offer assistance and not to do the work for you hence, aim at ensuring you are not lazy or incompetent but are actually putting both your ideas and their assistance to work on your dissertation.

How to Plan for PhD and Get It Faster


Most PhD students take time in finishing their PhD especially due to their dissertation. However, it is possible to plan for your PhD and get in a short while. While this may mean you need to endure long nights, to beat deadlines, you should look for a good strategy before you burnout. Most of the time taking the PhD journey could also mean you are juggling school with work and or even with family, for this reason, this can be a stressful time if not planned out properly. The alternative is taking many years to finish your doctoral studies something you should avoid. You should, however, be prepared to invest time and energy in PhD research proposal, actual researching, interpretation of your results writing your PhD thesis, publishing papers, and meeting deadlines among other tasks. For this reason you need a strategic plan that will help you reduce the stresses involved and complete it successful. Here are a few tips to help you plan for your PhD and get it faster:

  • Enroll in a suitable PhD program by researching which best fills your requirements and has a range of research options and is near your place of work or home for better convenience.
  • Plan your time properly based on the minimum time you can take to finish the study and train yourself on research skills that will come in handy during your dissertation.
  • Learn other skills such as writing a funding proposal, a research proposal and thesis among other skills that will help you out during your PhD journey.
  • Find a strong and respected mentor who will provide support and feedback during your study and especially during projects and researches that you will be required to undertake. Such mentors, advisors as well as professors are well experienced and will provide constructive criticisms and advice that will make your journey easier.
  • Record your progress to measure how far you have come as well as the remaining stretch of journey so that you are not overwhelmed by tasks.
  • Plan for your dissertation well in advance. Take research projects that are well oriented towards the kind of dissertation you would want to do.
  • Choose a dissertation topic that interests you or one you are passionate about if possible. In fact, keep it as narrow as possible.
  • Make your PhD proposal as clear, concise and useful as possible since it is challenging to write. This is because it sells and justifies the validity of your thesis.
  • Don’t be ashamed to seek dissertation help and other writing services whenever you feel you are too overwhelmed or you require the help. It can help you recover the time, energy and motivation needed to increase your productivity.



PhD Proposal Structure


One of the most important PhD papers that you will right during your doctoral studies is a PhD research proposal. This proposes the specific research topic that you want to examine for your thesis. A thesis is part of your study program and determines its successful conclusion as well as helps you gain a more rewarding career.  To write a  PhD proposal, you need to choose your dissertation topic which you will justify in the proposal showing why it is valid and important to research about it. The proposal should be persuasive, focused and well-researched and written. How does it benefit your area of interest? As with all other types of papers involved in studies, a PhD proposal has a general accepted structure that should be confirmed with your departments to see if there are any variations. The segments include:

  • Title Page

This includes the research title, name of PhD candidate, and department or university to which the proposal will be submitted.

  • Abstract

This is a brief summary of the topic aims, methods and relevance of your proposed research study.

  • Introduction

This gives an overview of the research problem and brief theoretical background information on the topic. It also presents a justification of the problem chosen by explaining the need for research.

  • Research questions and objectives

This part indicates the questions whose answers the proposed research will seek as well as stating the goals of the PhD study.

  • Literature Review

It summarizes previous works relevant to your research topic and identifies the gaps, debates, arguments and contradictions that exist among these studies. These serve as evidence to support the need for the proposed PhD research.

  • Methodology

This section details the methods you will use to carry out the research. While not set in stone as your dissertation may evolve to include better methods, it nonetheless provides the information on data collection methods, sources and analysis techniques. It also includes participants of your research and any limitations and how you will minimize them.

  • Ethical Considerations

Ethics are mainly addressed with regard to data collection. You should, therefore, mention any ethical issues concerned with your research as well as rights of participants.

  • Expected Results

You may provide a brief account of what you expect though this is not mandatory.

  • Project Time Plan

It contains a detailed, realistic plan for the completion of your proposed research. You can also include a budget, especially when requesting for funding for your dissertation.

  • Conclusion

This reaffirms the significance of the proposed research in your discipline and area of interest.

Why you need professional Dissertation Writing Services to help you with your dissertation?



The professional work of each educated expert has several important steps that determine the future direction of their work. One of them is the dissertation work which is a requirement for every man who has devoted himself to science.

To prepare and successfully defend a master’s or a doctorate you will have to spend a huge amount of time and effort. It’s necessary to process and analyze the huge amount of material, to conduct a series of experiments and research, often have to seek bold solutions for the complex situations. It’s important not to just write a simple work, it’s necessary to form it correctly, to avoid spelling errors, content should have a logical connection between the sections and subsections. High-level dissertation work should be unique and made in accordance with the certain requirements.


In preparation for the defending of dissertation work, it needs to be given time, not only for writing. The Commission draws attention not only to the quality of the dissertation, but also the quality of the defending. Based on the large volume of work that future experts have to perform on this stage, it’s logical to assume that without the skilled assistance it’s impossible to do. Our company is one of the leaders in the dissertation help field. Our experienced personnel can assist in the design and forming of the dissertation work at all levels. In addition, our company provides advice in the preparations for the defending of your work, assisting in all stages, until you get the desired degree.

What is there job

If there is a problem to prepare a dissertation paper in the shortest time, then you’ve come to the right place. We can help you to solve this problem. With our dissertation help, you can write a competent work on the certain subject. You can turn to us for help in the preparation of individual sections or you have a ready-made material that is necessary to organize, we will help in this, and save your precious time.

In cooperation with us, you can control the progress of work at every stage. You can check each section and approve all of its contents, making adjustments almost at any step. At the same time, you will have enough time just to prepare yourself for defending, the consultation with the supervisor about all the details and nuances. Giving us to dealing with the mechanical work, you can spend more time on science part, the collection, and analysis of the new facts and materials. This will certainly affect the quality of dissertation work itself. Thus we can guarantee the precision of the timing. With our dissertation help, you can be sure that you will get a job at the highest level. has more than 12 years has been providing quality dissertation help services. Our highly qualified specialists are ready to provide comprehensive assistance in advising clients in the writing of scientific – dissertation work, regardless of the topic, in a timely manner meeting all of your requirements.

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