Basic Structure/ chapters of Dissertation


2) Introduction
3) Literature review
4) Research questions and/or objectives
6) Research methods
7)Presentation and discussion of your findings
8)Conclusion and recommendations
9)Limitations and future research

If you need details of all chapters. Check

Dissertation Writing Tips from Best Dissertation Writing Service in UK


💎Keep a record of your references as you go ➡️ this will keep you organised and makes sure you back everything you say with evidence
💎If you think you need help then ask for it ➡️ your supervisor should be at hand throughout, but if they aren’t then go and see or email another lecturer who could give you clarity and direction
💎Don’t be too ambitious ➡️ don’t over complicate things as all the marker is looking for is you being able to deliver a project in a clear and concise format. The key is to follow the writing guidelines and stick to answering your title.
💎Be critical ➡️ this is degree level work so you must show a deep understanding where you look at different perspectives. With this you have to PEEL your work (point, evidence, explain, link). _
💎Data collection ➡️ if you can’t get all your results straight away then focus on researching and writing up your literature review, write up your method, and get your references and appendices in your document.
💎Lit review ➡️ be broad at first and then filter it to your research. Mention definitions, previous research, theoretical framework, limitations, include why your research is needed, and what your hypotheses and aims of your study are.
💎Your research ➡️ it might not have significant results, don’t worry about that because you can explain how non-significant results support or reject previous literature, how the results found can be applied to the real world, and what future recommendations you have for research and why.
💎Main findings ➡️ this section is one of the first parts of your discussion and includes any significant results, any results which were expected and unexpected. This then leads your applied implications section later on in your discussion.
💎Limitations ➡️ this part of the discussion identifies and evidences the flaws in your research. Dont be afraid to express a good 5 in detail. This then provides opportunity in the future research section to explain what recommendations you have from the limitations discussed.
💎Conclusion ➡️ summarisation of the whole discussion. Tips will be up soon for the discussion section.

If you want to take professional help. You can simply order online on Most Trusted Dissertation Writing Services in UK. Projectsdeal has all 5 star reviews, offers Guaranteed Grades or Full Refund.

What is Qualitative research?


Qualitative research is all about answering questions understanding and exploration of issues. This type of research is usually applied every day in the community and work places. Therefore it can be described as a necessary process in our day to day communication activates.

What data does qualitative research collect?

Qualitative research is a type of research that seeks to answer why, where, what and how through topical analysis using research methods such as interviews, notes, videos, photos and open-ended questionnaires. Most of its focus is concentrated on the inside view.

Primary data collection: In most cases qualitative research lays a foundation for a quantitative research. It means it is more human orientated, it analyse human behaviours, lifestyles and cultures.

When to choose qualitative research?

There are several options to choose whether qualitative research would be a appropriate one for your research.

Those can include:- Personalised and group focused interviews

– Internet chat interviews

– Telephone interviews

– Web-cam conversations through your computer or any other technology

Non real time options- Use of social media to interact with your respondents- Online discussions on blogs, forums or journalsQuantitative research includes conducting surveys and various types of customer questionnaires.

Moreover, quantitative research is asking respondents in a structured way so you can produce a lot valuable and accurate data. In order to get a fairly large number of data it is crucial to make sure that you are targeting the right group of people.

Structure of quantitative research: Answers in this type of research are closed-ended in other words it requires respondents to choose from a specific selection of answers and do not allow for the respondents to elaborate their answers.

Here is a simple example of the closed ended question:

How often do you buy a tooth brash?

a. Once a week b twice a week c. three times a week

So which research method is better?

There is no simple answer for that question. You as a researcher have to analyse what will be better for your research. There is always a possibility to combine both of them into one research.

Here is presented a simple “Qualitative research vs Quantitative Research” table which is showing the most significant differences between those two methods:



• To discover opinions of your targeted group

• To achieve an understanding of reasons and motivations

• To measure the value of views and opinion on particular topic

• To generalize resultsTarget audience

• Usually small number of targeted respondents

• Large number of targeted audience

Data Collection • Interviews, phone calls, (video) chats, blogs • Surveys, questionnairesData analysis • Non- statistical • Very straight forward statistical data

If you are confused or dont get answers, you can order online on take professional guidance for Guaranteed Distinction.

Things to keep in mind while writing dissertation proposal


Those of you that are expected to develop your own proposal for a dissertation or project should try to follow these four MORI principles: Manageable: your dissertation topic must be sufficiently focused so that it is possible for you to do the topic justice within the available word count. You may have a real interest in, say, ‘the impact of global capitalism upon the world environment during the 20th Century’, but you certainly won’t be able to cover this topic in any detail in the space of 8 – 10 thousand words!

Original: this relates to the above point, since a topic that is focused and manageable is more likely to be one that has not been written about too extensively, thus leaving room for your original contribution. Ideally you will find an interesting and well-chosen topic which will impress those marking your work.

Relevant: your project should clearly be relevant to some aspect of your studies, but it might also be relevant to your plans for, say, postgraduate study or a career. The dissertation may also be relevant in the sense that it plays to some of your established strengths, such as a particular unit or topic that you have enjoyed studying and in which you have previously done well.

Interesting: you are obviously more likely to enjoy and be successful in your dissertation if it is of real interest to you and to those marking your work. Ask yourself if you are sufficiently committed to your idea to be able to give it your best throughout the duration of your project. You should also ascertain whether your supervisor finds the idea interesting during your initial discussions with her or him.

Those of you undertaking analysis of quantitative data must similarly ensure that you adhere to the methodological requirements expected within your academic discipline and that you utilise the appropriate software. You must satisfy yourself as to these requirements within your subject area.

Good researched Latest Topic with enough research, contribution, scope of literature review available and good proposal covering above points is 30% work done, so if you want to take professional help for topic or proposal. they can surely help you. Simply order online & consider your work done for Guaranteed Distinction.

Relationship with Supervisor for Getting Distinction in Dissertation


Your relationship with your supervisor throughout the production of your dissertation is likely to be an important one. It may, though, be a relationship that will vary from individual to individual, depending on factors such as the following: You may be someone who feels you need more or less support. The level of support you need may vary as your research unfolds.

Your supervisor might have very clear requirements as to their expectations of the working relationship between you, or alternatively they may take a highly flexible approach.

Try to make a positive start with your supervisor and then do all you can to maintain this good working relationship. There are several things you can do to influence this: Those of you who are expected to develop your own dissertation proposal should avoid booking your first appointment with her or him without having done some preliminary thinking and research. It’s not really fair or reasonable to turn up and expect your supervisor to ‘present’ you with an idea or topic (although some disciplines do employ this system).


  • Be aware that your supervisor has many other things to do apart from supervising your project, which means they won’t necessarily be available ‘on demand’. You may have to wait a few days before you can meet her or him, and you need to allow for this when making your first and subsequent appointments.
  • Be flexible about the ways in which you communicate with your supervisor; be prepared to use a combination of face-to-face meetings, email and phone. Don’t bombard her or him with unnecessary communications, but don’t be afraid to get in touch if you really do need guidance either.

At your first meeting, agree some realistic dates by which you will have made specific and measurable progress on your project. You can then arrange subsequent meetings one at a time, as you and your supervisor feel you need them. When you next see your supervisor, make sure you have done (or mainly done!) what you said you would at the previous meeting. If your progress has been slow for some reason, ask for a postponement until another convenient date. Don’t get into the habit of postponing, though, as this may indicate that you are not on top of your project.

Take your supervisor’s feedback seriously and evaluate how you can use it. Sometimes, though, you may find that a suggestion is not really going to help your work overall, so don’t feel compelled to incorporate everything she or he says into the finished project. You may decide not to reveal all of the details of your argument and approach to your topic to your supervisor in advance of submitting your dissertation. This is not to say that you should deliberately conceal things; rather that whilst broad discussions of, say, approach, evidence and methodology can be valuable, it may ultimately be to your advantage if, when you submit your work, your supervisor reads much of your argument and ideas as if ‘for the first time’.

Don’t expect your supervisor to be your ‘proof reader’. Your supervisor may be willing to read an outline or plan of your project or perhaps in some cases a little more, but you cannot expect her or him to read your work and make corrections for you.

If you need more help, Take professional help. Check, order online to get complete custom support from experts for Guaranteed Distinction.

8 Reasons Why Projectsdeal is rated No.1 Dissertation Writing Service in UK


Let’s take a look at what makes Projectsdeal so good and efficient for students in the UK. It has been rated as one of the best dissertation writing services currently online.

1.   It’s Quick

Just on the front page, you can find a form to place your order. It asks all the specific details and makes sure that you know what you are ordering.

2.   It’s Affordable

Save yourself weeks of headache by paying for your essay or dissertation upfront.

3.   Clear Communication

We pride ourselves on understanding the wants and needs of our clients on a granular level. We have detailed discussions about the requirements of the paper and the expected outcome.

4.   Quality Work

Projectsdeal has writers who are experienced in writing PhD-level papers. It’s safe to say that they know what they are doing and can deliver flawless work.

5.   Customer Satisfaction

Projectsdeal cares about its customers. We offer an unlimited number of revisions and are happy to listen to your concerns and critique.

6.   Thoroughly Checked

Our papers and essays are checked using premium online software such as Grammarly and Turnitin. All deliveries are error and plagiarism-free.

7.   Experienced Writers

Projectsdeal has a team of experienced writers who write quality papers on a daily basis. They can master the academic tone that takes years to perfect.

8.   Knowledge Transfer Sessions

Apart from being a writing service, Projectsdeal also educates its clients about the work done and goes into great detail.

Detailed Handbook of Dissertation



Section1 Introduction

Section2 Getting Started

Section3 Outline of aDissertation

Section4 Producing the Dissertation for Examination

Section5 Supervision

Section6 Additional Information

Appendix1 Useful Readings on Qualitative ResearchMethods

Appendix2 Useful Textbooks on Qualitative and QuantitativeResearch

Appendix3 A note on Research Role(s), Insider Research and PotentialBias

Appendix4 OriginalWork

Appendix5 Differentiation Guidelines

  1. The ResearchTopic

The way in which the topic of the research is set out may vary slightly depending on the type of study you propose to carry out. The introductory section of an experimental study, for example, will end with a statement of the specific hypothesis or hypotheses to be tested. For an action research study the section will outline the area of classroom work which the study attempted to improve, suggest why the action research model is appropriate and indicate the range of approaches which it is intended to examine. The end of the introductory section for a dissertation based on a case study approach will justify the appropriateness of this method and highlight the range of questions on which information will be sought. In general, you should indicate to the reader in this section the significance of the topic you have investigated and your aims in doing so. A paragraph outlining why you have chosen the research topic might be helpful. It may be appropriate to have a chapter which outlines the policy context for your topic where you would review relevant government or company reports and other non-academic documents.

  1. LiteratureReview

In the majority of dissertations a key element of the introductory section is the review of existing evidence. The literature review locates your study in the relevant field of enquiry and helps you set out a framework against which you eventually analyse your data. In order to do this you need to identify and familiarise yourself with the appropriate literature, critically assess the emergent picture from the evidence, prioritise the most relevant material and write it up in a clear, organised manner. You do not need to demonstrate that you have read every book and article on a particular topic. You do, however, need to demonstrate that you are aware of the key issues in the area of your dissertation, that they are up to date and that you can critically assess this material. The sections of the literature review should be guided by the research questions.

  1. On-line ReferenceSources

The University uses the Q-search system for electronic searches for articles and resources. You log onto the Q-search system via the Queens Library website and will need your student number and password. Q-search gives you the option to specify a subject area for your search and covers a wide range of different databases. There are a number of these databases that are particularly relevant for materials you may wish to access, including the British Education Index and Swetswise. The library provides various opportunities to see how Q-Search works and the staff are always very helpful in providing advice and support.

Please note: many students think that Google is the only, or best, way to search the web. However, Google, including Google Scholar, is too indiscriminate and that is why it is always more efficient and effective to use the Q-Search system. In addition, the University pays subscriptions which provide all staff and students with access to a large number of academic journals and other sources, but you may not be able to access this material if you find it through Google.

  1. Inter-LibraryLoans

Please note that the School provides you with free access to the British Library ‘Inter- Library Loan’ service. If you identify journal articles, book chapters, reports etc., which are useful to your research, you may request a copy of the paper or a loan of the book. Masters students may do this through the Q-Cat by pushing the ‘Inter-Library Request’ button and following the instructions. Completed forms should be returned to Reception, 69 University Street.

A URL for a PDF version of the requested articles will be emailed to you. Please make sure that you have the latest version of Adobe Reader installed along with the, ‘Digital Editions’ plugin. Assuming that you have this, you may access the article through the link only once. It is recommended that you print it immediately and then save it to your ‘digital editions’. You will then be able to access it for 14 days, but you can only ever print it once.

If you require assistance in this matter or wish the retrieval of your first request to be demonstrated, please contact Norma Menabney, Research Librarian, or visit the McClay Library.

  1. Critical Reviewing of theLiterature

Critical reviews are more often than not, uncritical reviews. This is the view of Haywood and Wragg (1982, p2), who suggest that reviews can become little more than a:

“… furniture sale catalogue in which everything merits a one-paragraph entrynomatterhowskillfullyithasbeenconducted:Bloggs(1975)found this, Smith (1976) found that, Jones (1977) found the other, Bloggs, Smith and Jones (1978) found happiness inheaven.”

This very descriptive approach to a review, which might be termed ‘death by detail’ should be avoided. When you organise the material for your introductory section, you should have a clear plan of order and logic in your presentation of the material. You should prove this by briefly outlining the plan in the opening chapter of the introductory section, and indicating, at the beginning of each subsequent chapter in the section, where this fits into the section as a whole.

The simplest test of a good introduction and literature review is that, at the end of the section, a reader will understand clearly why the dissertation is worth doing and what specific question or questions it is going to examine. It is meant to provide the jumping- off point for the rest of the dissertation. If it does not do this, it will be incomplete.

  1. Methods

The methods section of a dissertation normally comprises one chapter. If the purpose of the introductory section is to provide a rationale for the study and to highlight the key questions to be examined, the methods chapter outlines how this is to be done. In principle, the methods section should be complete to the extent that someone could, if they wished, replicate the study. It is important, therefore, that the methods chapter provides full details of how all the data to be analysed as part of the study were collected. Typically a methods chapter will include the following details:

  1. Design of theStudy

The design of the study relates to the general way in which the study was carried out. For example, at Masters level, an experimental study will involve an account of the experimental and control conditions through which the hypothesis was to be tested. For an action research study, it will outline details of the steps in the action cycle. For a case study it would involve a brief account of the context that provides the focus of the study. Sometimes a case study approach involves more than one case

for comparative purposes; this intention should be mentioned at this stage.

  1. Sample

All research studies involve sampling of some kind. A questionnaire-based study will normally be targeted on a clearly defined population, with a specific sampling technique used in order to represent that population. A qualitative study might involve in-depth interviews with a much smaller number of people, but these will have been selected using some criteria and method. An historical study might involve the examination of a sample of texts and documents. In this part of the chapter you need to explain fully how the sample was derived. When the sample is meant to represent a population, you need to identify clearly the parameters of the population. It will help also to identify the size of the approach sample, that is, the number of people/places/documents that were sought for the study. Sometimes the details of the achieved sample are mentioned here, but this might best be left to the results section of the dissertation.

  1. Methods of DataCollection

You will have selected a method or methods for your study based on the question(s) you are examining. An important part of the reason for adopting this method is that it will allow for the collection of data that are appropriate for coming to a judgement on the research questions. You need to provide a rationale and justification for your choice. In this part of the methods chapter you need to outline what specific types of data you set out to collect and how this was to be done. For example, if your study is based on a questionnaire, you need to outline the basis upon which the questions were derived. If the study is based on qualitative interviews you need to outline the general framework you adopted for the interviews. If you are carrying out a case study you need to outline the range of data sources you intended to pursue. More commonly with social science research, it is normal practice to pilot your data collection instruments (questionnaires, interview schedules, observation schedules, etc.). The details of piloting should be mentioned in this section, even in the unlikely situation that it led to no change in the original instrument. Where a pilot does lead to changes, these should be briefly summarised. This chapter should be informed by the literature on research methods. It is vitally important that decisions made in regard to methods are supported by the academic literature.

A section discussing the reliability and validity of the research, where these concepts are relevant, would be useful.

  1. Procedures for DataCollection

For someone to replicate your study it is important not only that they know the types of data you set out to collect, but the specific procedures you adopted to collect these data. For example, did you use a postal questionnaire with return envelopes, or did you hand out the questionnaire to a class of pupils or colleagues and wait while they were completed? Did the interviews last for 15 minutes or an hour, and were they tape- recorded and transcribed? For an analysis of documents, did you use content analysis or a thematic approach? If the latter, how did you record the summary information? For most studies it will be relevant to mention the procedures you used to check the reliability and validity of the data. In addition, you should mention the specific instructions you provided to participants in the study, including any promises of confidentiality. Please see the further advice in Appendix 3 of this Handbook regarding your research role(s), issues in insider research and potential bias.

All researchers must adhere to Ethical Guidelines and these are usually drawn-up by

professional organisations to which researchers belong. An example of such a set of ethical guidelines those promoted by the British Educational Research Association (BERA). These set out how educational researchers should conduct themselves while doing educational research and also how they should relate to, and interact with, the participants within research projects. Ethical guidelines can often offer support to researchers in dealing with issues that may arise while conducting the research and they can often help in clarifying for researchers what protocols to follow when carrying out various methods of data collection

As indicated earlier, Queen’s University also has a Code of Practice for Research to which all researchers are required to adhere. Every dissertation research proposal must go through an ethics procedure before any data can be collected and each School operates their own Ethics Committee to run this process. You should consult with your supervisor on the ethical aspects of your proposed research project, as outlined above.

  1. Analysis of Data

For all studies, it would be appropriate to include some details in the methods chapter on the way in which you set out to analyse the data you have collected. As with other parts of the methods chapter and indeed the dissertation in general you must support arguments with reference to the literature.

  1. Problems

It is rare for any research project to go entirely according to plan. Returns from questionnaires are sometimes lower than anticipated; interviewees prove to be unhelpful; gatekeepers block access to key data. Your Supervisor will help you to explore ways of dealing with such problems as you go along. However, it is important to indicate in the methodology section any problems you encountered in implementing your planned research project and how you sought, whether successfully or otherwise, to address them.

  1. Results/Findings

If the introductory section makes clear to the reader why your study was worth doing and the methods section makes clear how you set about doing it, the results section lays out for the reader what you found when you did it. The way in which the results section of your dissertation is organised will vary for different types of study. Just as with the introductory section, this section might involve one or a number of chapters.

For an experimental study the results section will typically involve one chapter outlining the results found when the experimental and control conditions were carried out in accordance with the procedures outlined in the methods chapter. Summary data, and not raw data, should be presented here. Normally some descriptive statistics are used to lay out the general pattern of results, but it is the details of the inferential statistics that are most relevant in that they will provide the basis for testing the hypothesis targeted in the study. You should provide clear details on the inferential statistics used, the observed values and their associated probability levels.

For a survey-based study the general pattern outlined above is likely also to hold true. As a general rule of thumb, it is a good idea to move from a general picture of the results obtained from your survey to a more detailed examination of the specific questions in which you were interested. In addition to descriptive statistics such as means and standard deviations, or medians and inter-quartile ranges, you may find it helpful to use some graphical presentations. With the widespread availability of graphics software on computers there is a danger that graphs will be over-used; this can be self-defeating if it

gives the impression to an examiner that you are merely trying to fill pages. Graphs can provide a very striking and clear picture of a set of data, but they should be used sparingly and to make a clear point. They should also have a clear legend and key for explanation and be referred to in the text.

When your dissertation relies heavily on qualitative, rather than quantitative data, then clearly a different approach will have to be taken to the presentation of data. The general principle, however, remains the same: in the results section you will be making various claims concerning the consequences of your research, and these claims must be based on evidence. With quantitative data the evidence comes in the form of summary statistics, graphs and probability tests. With qualitative data you need to provide a clear sense of the common themes that emerged from your research, the extent to which variation was found between respondents or observations and give numerous examples to illustrate and justify your points. The key point is that the data you present must provide a convincing case that what you have inferred from your study is valid.

Exactly the same principles apply if the research is based on the analysis of documentary sources as might be the case in, for example, a dissertation looking at some historical issue. In reporting the findings of the research you need to include information on the source and status of documentary evidence, as well as information on the range of themes and the predominant themes emerging from the analysis.

When a study has been based on in-depth interviews it is likely that the results section will comprise a number of chapters. These may be organised in a variety of ways. For example, you might organise the chapters around the different categories of people you interviewed for the study, or even devote a single chapter to a detailed examination of one interview. Alternatively, it is possible to organise the chapter(s) around a series of themes that emerged from the interviews.

A similar approach can be used if your dissertation is based on a case study. Sometimes the results sections of case study reports are organised around emergent themes, but they can also be organised on the basis of the different sources of data you used, or even chronologically. A chronological approach is most likely to be adopted for an action research study, where the report will normally convey the evolving nature of the study as it proceeded through a series of connected cycles of research.

Clearly there are a variety of approaches that can be adopted to this section of the dissertation and, in many cases, there is no single ‘best’ approach. It is important, however, that, in consultation with your supervisor, you adopt an approach that makes sense in the light of the information you want to convey to the reader. When you decide how you wish to plan out the results section then make this plan explicit to the reader at the beginning of the section. When there is more than one chapter in the results section then it does no harm to remind the reader, at the beginning of each chapter, how it fits into the section as a whole. It is helpful if the results are presented in sections that match those outlined by the literature review.

For qualitative studies and for many quantitative studies the discussion and the findings are intertwined – hence the analysis/discussion is not separated out from the presentation of the findings. It is really important that results and findings are SITUATED within the theoretical and empirical literature presented in the literature review. Substantive connections between the literature and your findings are a critical component of the findings chapter[s] and you need to make clear how your work contributes to the prevailing debates in the field. For some students it makes sense to discuss the findings in a separate chapter called a discussion chapter – here the more substantive links between theory and findings will be presented.

10. Conclusion

The final section of your dissertation provides the opportunity to discuss the findings of your research and tie together all the disparate threads of the study. It is good practice to begin this section by briefly reminding the reader of the specific questions the study set out to examine and how this was approached. The point of the section is to lay out the answers you have derived on the basis of the data you have collected and analysed.

It is important to contextualise the findings of your dissertation in the literature. For this reason you should locate your conclusions in the general body of knowledge examined in your review of literature in the introductory section of the dissertation. For Masters dissertations, your study will likely have confirmed an already existing finding, or extended the applicability of a view widely held in the literature. Sometimes, albeit rarely, your study may challenge widely held views.

You must maintain a critical dimension to your own work. All research studies have limitations and it is scholarly and wise to acknowledge these in your own study. Whatever the limitations of your study, keep in mind that others can learn from your experience. It may be that your research has suggested further avenues worth exploring in future research, perhaps for future dissertations! It may be that your research has certain implications for aspects of policy or organisational practice, although any recommendations you choose to make ought to be realistic and practical. With an action research project, an important conclusion may be the enhanced insight you have gained into your own professional practice. All of these points represent possible ways in which you move towards the end of the text of your dissertation.

  1. Recommendations

It is advised that students do not rehearse long lists of recommendations; the emphasis of the conclusion should be on the study’s implications for practice, policy and theory rather than on recommendations.

  1. References

Throughout your dissertation, but most particularly in reviewing the literature, you will need to refer to published sources. The reason this is done may be to support an argument, illustrate a point, justify claims or identify summary points, the fine detail of which can be obtained by reading the cited publication. It is crucial that the reference section of your dissertation provides clear and accurate details of all the published work to which you have referred. And of course, the same section should not reference sources to which you have not directly referred. The basic rule of thumb is that you must include sufficient detail for someone to locate and read the reference if they wish.

Thus, for all references you must include the author(s), year of publication, title, (for books) place of publication, publisher or other source and pagination (for an article or book chapter). The details of the source will vary depending on whether it is an academic journal article, a book, a chapter in a book, a report, a conference paper or an Internet publication.

A number of conventions exist for reference lists within the academic community, as you

will see if you look at a number of academic journals. However, the preferred style in the School is the Harvard method of referencing illustrated below. The key points are that the approach you adopt must meet the requirement above and must be used consistently. The following examples are strongly recommended to you as illustrations of a consistent style.

(Please note that there should be one reference list for your assignment or dissertation laid out in alphabetical order according to convention.

You can take professional help, Get Instant Quote & Order Online for complete professional help for Guaranteed Distinction :

Structure of your dissertation – Provided by Reputed UK University


 Address everything that is asked for in the assessment guidelines, Tips :

 • Structure and clarity is very important –

 • Have clear headings that ‘signpost’ each chapter & section

 • Start each Chapter on a new page 

• Take note of the weighing (% of marks) for each section to guide word length

 • Pay great attention to referencing, formatting, spelling, grammatical and typographical errors 


?   This is a brief summary of the literature review that identifies the

topic area, research approach and summary of main findings

 ?It should be 250 – 300 words (not included in the word count)

 ?Look at published literature reviews in your topic area for guidance on the structure (it can be a paragraph or with headings, no right or wrong way to do an abstract) 

?Write it towards the end of writing the literature review 

Chapter 1: Introduction/Background (10%)

 ?Provide an introduction to your topic 

?What is the wider health context of the topic (international, national, local)

 ?Define your key terms 

?Why is this topic important/relevant? 

?Clearly state your research question

 ?Make sure it is actually a question 

? Clearly state your aim(s) and objective(s) 

Note differences between a topic/title, question, aim & objective 

Topic: Mental health service users’ experiences of psychiatric inpatient care 

Research question: What are mental health service users’ experiences of psychiatric inpatient care?

 ?Aim: To understand mental health service users’ experiences of psychiatric inpatient care

 ?Objective: To improve psychiatric inpatient care for mental health seservice users 

Chapter 2: 

Method / search strategy(15%) 

?Clearly describe your search strategy, including: 

?Databases used 

?Search terms/key words 

?Boolean operators 

?Hand searches (of reference lists and/or specific journals) 

?Clearly state your inclusion & exclusion criteria with the rationale for their usage

 ?Produce a flow chart of your search process 

Chapter 2: Method (cont.)

 ?Clearly describe the critical appraisal tool(s) used to appraise the research articles:

 ?Identifying which tools/checklists were used for each research article 

?The rationale for use (e.g. the CASP RCT checklist was used to appraise two of the articles (Smith & Jones, 2011; Jones et al 2013) because both studies have RCT designs) 

?Include the critical appraisal tool table in the appendix 

Chapter 3: Findings (35%) 

?Start this chapter with an introductory paragraph that describes the key characteristics of the research articles in your review (identified in your article summary table) e.g.

 ?The different types of designs/methods (e.g. four Quantitative studies & four qualitative, the different research designs used) 

?The different countries where the research studies were conducted (if applicable) 

 Chapter 3 continues: Article summary table

 ?Develop an article summary table, that extracts the key features of the review articles, for example:

 ?Article reference (or authors & date) 

?Country where research conducted 

?Design of study/method(s) 

?Measures/questionnaires used (if any)

 ?Sampling/sample size

 ?Key findings 

Chapter 3 continues: Findings (themes)

 ?Identify the main findings from the research studies in your literature review

 ?Include the summary table in the main body of the Chapter 

?Assign themes to the main findings of each of the research studies, you may have 2-6 main findings from each research study

 ?Identify common themes across the research studies, e.g. patients’ experiences; nurses’ attitudes; management of pain; training needs 

Chapter 3 continues: Findings (synthesis of findings)

 ?Structure the rest of the chapter according to the common themes identified, using the theme titles as sub-headings 

?You may have 3-6 themes 

?Compare & contrast the findings of the research studies within these thematic sections as a synthesis of the findings from ALL the studies

 ?Demonstrate your critical appraisal of the research studies within this synthesis 

Chapter 3 continues: Findings (critical evaluation) 

?Discuss the findings critically, demonstrating you have critically appraised the studies, e.g.

 ?‘Three of the studies (refs) used a RCT design to assess the effectiveness of this intervention, which is an appropriate design for the focus of these studies. However, in the study by (ref) it was not stated whether the data collectors and patients were blinded to the intervention, therefore there could be potential bias in how the intervention was conducted that could affect the validity of the study. Thus the results should be treated with caution. 

Chapter 4: Discussion /Implications (20%)

 ?Critically discuss the findings of your literature review in relation to other literature and your area of practice ?Critically evaluate the findings of your review and how they answer your research question

 ?Discuss your findings in relation to other literature/research studies/guidelines and relate your findings to contemporary evidence-based practice 

Chapter 4: continues Recommendations (10%)

 ?Critically explore the implications of the findings from your literature review and make relevant recommendations for:


?Further research 


?Health care delivery 

Chapter 5: Conclusions 

?This can be relatively short (2-3 paragraphs) 


? the main findings of the literature review 

?how it has answered your research question 

?Implications for practice 

?Do not introduce new ideas or information here 


?List all your references after the conclusion in one list

 ?Ensure that you use Harvard referencing 

You can always take professional help working since 2001, Projectsdeal is trusted dissertation writing service, delivering work exactly according to the guidelines. Get instant quote, you can simply order online to get complete Dissertation Support :



Highlighted below are the 6 principles that our dissertation topic help is based on. The principles show that “Thinking generates PASSION.”


This refers to the primary field of selection that you are interested in studying and researching. The topic you choose must relate to your MASTERS, Ph. D. or other disciplines you intend to pursue.

Latest Sub-domain topic

The sub-domains of marketing include Advertising, Branding and Market Research. Our dissertation writing service will be channeled towards narrowing down your domain so that we can come up with something from the DOMAIN SCOPE. Our dissertation topic help will make the effect of DISSERTATION be felt at this stage.

Primary Research Data

Our service will be used at this stage to shed more light on the main idea behind your dissertation.


“Possibilities are limitless”

At this stage, we properly explore your DISSERTATION Scope. This will be achieved by ensuring that we have some impact on the Domain or Sub-domain of your DISSERTATION WORK or thesis.

Secondary Research Data

The secondary data refer to the information that is required to provide answers to the questions that emanate from the scope of your Dissertation.

“Small ideas leads to bigger innovations.”

Data Source & Contribution Scope

DATA SOURCE refers to the main source where the information will be obtained from. The information will be useful for the DOMAIN or SUB-DOMAIN of your DISSERTATION or thesis. We have channel through which massive amounts of information are shared in the 21st century. You have to make sure to give unqiue conclusion & contribution to score well.

These principles are what our dissertation writing service is based on. You can order online for Lastest research Unique Dissertation Topics :

Best Assignment Writing Service UK


Projectsdeal is a one-stop online help service that prioritizes the good grades and success of its clients. Having been in this industry for over 19 years, we’ve learned how to help students do their writing professionally to yield them amazing grades.

We have a team of qualified and professional experts available 24/7 to help students from various universities and higher institutions. We understand that securing the best grades in different academic careers begins with submitting unique, correct and professionally done. As such, we contribute to the spurt growth of every scholars academic career.

Our services spread across different niches and all sorts of academic guidance you can think of. Think it, and we have it! Whether you want to draft, style, and format or even structure. Projectsdeal has what it takes to make you stand out with your work from other students.

The student achievements are the highest concern of our UK academic helpers. Therefore, we will ensure your lack of interest in writing does not affect your educational performance. Our goal is to deal with all of your grueling tasks and make sure that you get good grades. Students are guaranteed a unique work that adequately displays proficiency, accuracy and perfect understanding of the content. 

We offer UK’s Best Assignment Writing Service 
Projectsdeal has the expertise to handle different assignments in different fields in any domain, in any university in UK. Our team of domain experts is always on ground to offer different assignment be it university assignment, finance assignment or technical assignment. 
Last but not the least

✔ Our website is indeed loaded with millions of subject, which are further divided into more components.

✔ We believe in building trust of our customers with our amazing services and we request them to trust us once with their assignments.

✔ We believe in quality of everything that we do, whether its assignments or building communication, we excel everything with quality.

✔ Be our clients and avail amazing professional writing service in the most effective and efficient manner.

You can order online for any subject assignment with deadline more than 4 hours to receive furnished ready for submission work

« Older Entries