PhD Proposal Structure


PhD thesis proposal typically consists of the following sections, whereas the order of sections can vary:

  • Motivation (1-2 pages)
  • Related work (2-6 pages)
  • Problem statement (1 page)
  • Proposed solution and research idea (2-6 pages)
  • Major references (1-2 pages)
  • A dedicated section (e.g., in the prior work section) where the student lists what he/she has published so far
  • A “schedule” or “PhD plan” (ideally as a flow chart) which shows the sequencing of all work packages, from the start of the PhD till the end of the PhD.
    From the PhD plan it shall become apparent how long the PhD student has worked on the research topic of the PhD proposal. This is particularly important for PhD students who have switched topics.

PhD proposal should answer the following questions:

  • What problem are you choosing to investigate? What is your hypothesis?
  • Why is the problem/hypothesis important/relevant?
  • What are the specific research questions your work will address?
  • How have others attempted to address this in the past?
  • How are you planning to address this?
  • How will you answer these research questions (e.g. what is the method/approach and why have you chosen these?)
  • How will you evaluate the extent to/success with which you have addressed these research questions?
  • What are the expected research contributions of this work? (i.e. what knowledge or research products will your work produce that others in the research community can use?)
  • How will you know that you accomplished your goals? (i.e. what is the stopping condition to be applied to your work?)

It might be useful to structure the proposal around these questions.

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How Is Dissertation Evaluated – According to Best Dissertation Help


A dissertation determines your overall grade and can either help your academic career or break it. It requires investing time, energy, motivation and skills such as research skills in order to do a great job. However, to ensure that your dissertation is not only accepted but also wins you a great grade and high regard, you must present an original dissertation that fulfills the objectives it has indicated. It should be well-researched, coherent and a demonstration of knowledge applied in solving a real life situation effectively. To produce such a dissertation and get high marks for it, you need to know how a dissertation is evaluated so that you can tailor it for a great evaluation. While these evaluations differ among different departments or universities the criteria is pretty much the same and may include the following:


  • Emphasis is mainly placed the skill with which you have used the research methods to obtain scientifically presented findings as well as masterfully draw conclusions from these results.
  • The dissertation should be original and relevant as well as demonstrate your ability to thoroughly conduct a research study.
  • It should fulfill the requirements of your discipline/ department.
  • The study should be well-designed and well-presented without any, or with minimal, grammatical or style errors.
  • Your literature review should be relevant and very specific to your topic instead of an account of general information related to your field of study. The review should be both descriptive and critically analyze previous works while explicitly showing how his methodology and the review are linked.
  • The dissertation you present should have the research methodology appropriate and justified. You should minimize the likelihood of bias and limitations.
  • The findings from your research should answer your research questions as well as meet your objectives. There should be no doubt as to the testing of your hypotheses.
  • Your results should be well presented such that the patterns can be clearly identified and have been summarized.
  • In your discussion make a point of analyzing the main points first and speculations or reconceptualization should be well founded in the results presented as well as linked to literature. Results should be interpreted exhaustively and innovatively related to the research hypothesis.
  • The reference list should give a complete and accurate account of sources used in the dissertation.
  • Finally, there should be some recommendations for future studies.
  • Once the evaluation is done by supervisors and advisors who propose a grade that is either confirmed or rejected by a board of examiners, the final grade is given.

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Scoring high with help of Essay Writing Service


Essays are creative writings that are developed based on either the experience or creative abilities of a writer. There are four major types of essay writing:
1. Narrative Essays: In this type of essay, the writer tells a story about an actual incidence which he or she had an experience of. Here, the writer reports the events using the first person narrative technique. The use of the first person pronoun I in narrations engages the readers as the reader tries to see from the writer’s point of view. An example of narrative essay is, (narrate a incidence you have witnessed before).
2. Descriptive Essays: This type of essay tries to paint the picture of a person, place or object to the readers. As a matter of fact, descriptive essays do not just describe, the writer is expected to make use of colorful words and sensory details such that details in the essay communicates deeper meaning to the reader.
3. Expository Essays: Expository essays are fact inspired form of writing. Here, the writer explains or defines a topic using facts, statistics and examples. Expository essays vary a lot in the medium of writing as it depends on the core interest of a given topic. It could be based on comparison or contrast or analysis and so on. One other point to note about expository essays is that they are written objectively; void of any bias or prejudice.
4. Persuasive or Argumentative Essays: The primary goal of a good persuasive essay is to win a reader to the side of the writer. Persuasive essays are constructed using facts and logical reasoning with a view to make the readers to reason along the same line with the writer.

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How to write an Essay


Your professors request different types of assignments, but don’t bother giving you instructions on how to complete them. It takes a lot of practice to become a skilled academic writer, but you are left with several projects and no idea on how to tackle them.

Its understandable why many students wonder can I get someone to write my essay? When you don’t have the needed base of knowledge and experience in academic writing, its simply impossible to tackle all assignments you get.

Still, carefully study marking guidelines and keeping that in mind, start your work for guaranteed grades. Selecting recent right topic that has enough research and contribution scope is key to scoring good.

To help you save time and be more productive, we have designed a wide range of writing services that you can use as a resource for your own work. Our platform matches your order with a qualified domain writer that is selectively hired, vetted and available at your disposal. The sections that follow will explain how our process works, some of the features and amenities you receive by being a customer, and the pricing model we utilize.

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Steps to follow to score high in essay writing


1. The first thing you must take note as a writer is to consider essay as a process and not a task bounded with deadlines. You have to form the habit of reading, thinking, planning and organizing your thought. Get a topic, understand the topic very well. Drafting your idea is very important to guide you when you do your primary research. Once you are done with your findings, you will start thinking creatively about the topic and make notes or essential points, which will help you during the documentation process.
2. You must sketch out a plan before you start writing anything on the booklet given to you. Once you have written down your point, start assembling them in chronological order. Give each points logical heading; this will help you to elaborate your point. Once this is done it can be later developing into paragraph of your essay
3. Divide your essay into different subheadings. The heading includes:
– An introduction, which will explain the source of your study.
– The main body where you will analyze your topic, this part includes the findings, opinions, and comments.
– The conclusion, this part is where you will force the reader/teacher to accept your points been mentioned in the essay. You can conclude with the quotes or end with a question that will boggle the reader’s mind.
NB: All these points will give an outline to your essay writing. Also, try as much as possible to get many points this makes the reader have more interest in your essay. If you stick to one point, it can make the reader disinterested in your essay.
4. In essay writing, the important thing is the usage of correct English, make sure to have an understanding of the tenses, grammatical structure. Your essay may not be embellished in writing but must have to mean in the subject matter. If it is argumentative essay writing, you should have adequate fact to make your point genuine. To build upon this point, you can read many editorial sections from journal, publication or magazine. Try and get a short point that has a nice ending. Essay is a small sample of knowledge, therefore; you cannot elaborate on an endless discussion. Keep everything concise and not lose focus.
5. The last point is to try to make the rough draft of your essay before your final submission. Proofread everything you have written down and made every necessary change to where it is required, punctuate accordingly. If your essay is long you must prepare it in a paragraph and then focus on each paragraph, do not lose track of your point. In conclusion, the essay is an array of thought and ideas. The right alignment of thought process with strong command over English develops a person to score high in English essay writing.

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How to Score A in Assignment With Assignment Help


Be aware that every good assignment has a clearly defined introduction, body and conclusion. The introduction gives a general overview of the subject matter; the body addresses points necessary to make readers believe your points and the conclusion reinforces the subject matter.
– Ask yourself, What does this essay question really want me to address. Before you start writing on any essay topic, you must understand the topical issue the essay intends to achieve. This way, you will not shoot wrongly. More so, revise the question again after each point has been clearly stated.
– Make use of literary devices. Literary devices such as simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole and so on summarize your view in the best succinct manner. More so, they make your work fascinating.
– Make use of appropriate idiomatic expressions: Many times, students want to impress their readers by employing idioms but when the wrong idiom is used, the point you intend to make is messed up too. Therefore, it is advisable to use the appropriate idiomatic expressions.
– Arrange your points to integrate into one another. Try to express only one point in one paragraph and then ensure that each succeeding paragraph connects to the previous one. This will show that your work is articulate and it will make it easy for your readers to follow you.
– Also, be mindful of your vocabulary and check your grammatical construction. Use simple words and if you must use an unfamiliar vocabulary, use it correctly.
– After writing, put yourself in the place of a reader and examine what you have written. If you are not impressed, feel free to rework your assignment or assign it to experts as result is all that actually matters.

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How to Select Research Topic


The opportunity to create a good research topic is a vital skill. A teacher may assign a specific topic, but many frequently instructors need you to select your personal topic of great interest. When searching a topic, there’s a couple of things that you’ll want to complete:
o Brainstorm for ideas
o select a topic that will make you read and comprehend the literature
o be sure that the subject is manageable which materials are available
o create a list of key phrases
o be flexible
o define your subject like a focused research question
o research and on your subject
o formulate a thesis statement
In the new environment, it is challenging for the students to select an appropriate essay topic for their research academic project as now become the most challenging part as far as performing analysis, especially in essay area. In the selecting research topic and to get the research project rather significantly, it is essential for the students to know their working area and to know the critical topic to select, which is not a simple task at all, the motive being all the complexities elaborate in the making of a human notice.
The very first thing that must be painstaking by the student in selecting the topic for their Essay. The importance area could be known through the creek of students in which they are doing their study in a specific university. For an instant, if a student is doing his survey in English, then he/she should drive for his research topic, which is one way or another related to essay .
It is because a student might get good grade only in the study when his/her topic is very familiar with its subject area like essay. It will also be worthy for the student if he/she get support from his/her supervisor or lecturer for the topic as it will assist them to shun the comparison of research topics opted by the other students in another topic such as essay help.
The next topic that should be deliberated on by the students when selecting a research topic is its usefulness to explore things new or to discover something new in the area that has been inspected earlier. Take help of Essay Writing Service for Selecting best topic.

Types of Essays


What kind of essay we will be writing depends upon what’s your goal. The four major types of essays are as follows
Narrative Essays:
Here we will describe the real life experiences. If your assignment is about writing some kind of personal statement or just describing your aim in life, we will write a narrative essay for you so just sit back and relax.
Descriptive Essays:
Descriptive essays are more like painting a picture. Here we describe everything, whether it’s an object or a memory. We are focused here on providing a deeper meaning. If your assignment is about writing description about something, just let us do the job. Our words are not only meaningful but also are colorful providing sensory details.
Expository Essays:
In expository essays we explain the topic using facts and examples which elaborates the topic. It is related to cause and effect essays and how to essays. Such kind of essays are based on facts. If your assignment is about these kind of comparison essays than we can provide you with good quality written essays.
Persuasive Essays:
Persuasive essays are all about convincing the reader about the writer’s point of view by using some combination of strong and powerful words. Here the writer is meant to provide an opinion and must be able to communicate the opinion in good words. If your assignment is to write on some topic based on what’s your thought and opinions about that topic, then we can still help you as we will provide you with excellent and positive words that will be powerful enough to reflect your inner thoughts on the topic.
So our above were some essay writing examples from which you can surely get the idea how important it is for us to provide the students with the right kind of content. We take essay writing as an job and our content is 100% plagiarism free so the students can get the fresh and new content rather than copied content.
Words Are Important in Essay 
Wording play a deep role in making your essay powerful. Our writers will provide you with correct and good words which will increase the value of the essay, take help  of essay writing service for getting good marks.

Dissertation process checklist


When you are close to the final version of your dissertation you should carefully check it to eliminate errors. It is best to be methodical about the whole process and the following check-list may be helpful.

• Are all pages present, numbered and in the correct order?

• Are all spellings correct?

• Are all formulas correct? Check all subscripts, ionic charges and nesting of brackets.

• Do all headings agree with the contents list in style, number and position?

• Do methodology and introduction actually match?

• Are all tables, figures, schemes and structures mentioned in the text?

• Are all cross-references correct?

• Are all the sections and sub-sections numbered sequentially?

• Are all references numbered correctly and are they in sequential order?

• Are all author and journal names in the reference section spelt/abbreviated correctly?

• Are all mathematical equations numbered sequentially?

• Are all symbols clearly marked?

• Are all tables numbered sequentially?

• Are all figures numbered sequentially?

• Are all structures numbered sequentially?

• Are tables correctly presented? Are the units given in the column headings?

• Is all the text in the correct font?

• Are there any bad line or page breaks that require correction?

• Are all lines consistently spaced?

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How to write your dissertation


The dissertation should be your own work and not simply a collection of parts of papers from the literature. Plagiarism, whether from journals, books or internet sources, will be severely punished and will result in an automatic failure (see section on plagarism)

You should read as many primary references (i.e. original papers as opposed to reviews and books) as possible and base your dissertation on these sources. When you have assembled the information for your dissertation you should plan its presentation: this is most easily accomplished by dividing your dissertation into sections, each with its own heading. Where appropriate each section is further divided into sub–sections each with its sub–heading.

Always remember that your dissertation has to be read and understood by other people and that this process is easier the greater the structure given to the dissertation. You should write in good grammatical English using paragraphs, as appropriate. The dissertation should be divided into sections. All dissertations must have

(i)                A Title Page giving the title of the project, your name, department; the date; type of project.

(ii)              This should be followed by a Contents Page listing the headings (and sub-headings) of the sections of the project dissertation and the appropriate page numbers. The dissertation should be paginated in a single sequence from start to finish numbering each page.

(iii)             Although usually the last part to be drafted, an Abstract (one page maximum) should be included before the main text. The abstract is designed to summarise the work that follows. It should briefly underline the importance of the work and the aims of the project, summarise succinctly but accurately what is contained in the dissertation and dissertation the principal conclusions. It must be self-contained and you should not cross-reference to the main text or to the references. Abbreviations should not be used in the abstract.

(iv)            It is often convenient to have a Glossary or Abbreviation Section on conventions used such as abbreviations, nomenclature — especially the numbering system used — and any other items which are used repeatedly in the dissertation but which a non-expert reader (e.g. another third year student) would not be familiar with.

(v)              The Introduction should cover the general background to the area of work which is covered by the project. This section may only need references to appropriate reviews and/or books.

(vi)            In the Main Review the references should be mainly to the original literature. It is usually best to subdivide the review into separate sections each with its own heading. This helps the reader identify the content matter and from the contents page the logic of the dissertation is apparent. If you use scanned material of, for example, structures, graphs or diagrams the origin of the material should be indicated with a reference number, usually in the legend. Chemical formulae should be numbered with Arabic numbers (not Roman). As they are time consuming to draw it is best not to repeat more formulae than necessary and just use the appropriate formula numbers. All chemical structures should be drawn using ChemDraw or other appropriate chemical drawing package. In the text, the reference is indicated by a superscript number which corresponds to the numbered list of references given at the end of the dissertation. References must be presented sequentially through the dissertation, starting with reference 1. If it is necessary to quote a reference more than once the number assigned to it the first time is re-used, ie. the list of references should not contain duplicates. The reference number should be placed after the statement or sentence to which it applies.

(vii)           The Conclusions section is not a summary of the work (this is the role of the Abstract). It should contain the key pieces of knowledge that you are trying to impart and an overall conclusions. It may also contain an indication of future work.

(viii)         The last section of the project dissertation should be the References numbered in order. This must follow the Royal Society of Chemistry style. Note that the references will be those used in all previous sections — introduction and review. The sources of all information used should be indicated by means of references. Where only a secondary source has been consulted this should be quoted in the reference list together with the appropriate primary source. It is assumed that unless otherwise stated a reference covers all of the material presented until a new reference is cited.  A leaflet on citing references in Chemistry is available below; use it!

Format & Typing

It is important that your dissertation is easy to read. It should be word-processed with one-and-a-half-spaced typescript, and printed (single-sided) with adequate margins (2.50 cm) to permit binding. The recommended font is Times New Roman Size 12 and the pages must be numbered. It is best not to repeat more structures than necessary and instead to subsequently refer to the appropriate identifying numbers.


Dissertations are expected to be virtually error-free; a dissertation containing several errors per page is completely unacceptable. You should certainly use the spell-checker built into the word-processing package to catch simple typographical errors, but you also need to carefully read through the report to catch other types of error. You will almost certainly need to carry out this proof-reading several times. You are strongly recommended to print out the final draft of the dissertation as it much easier to spot errors when reading a paper copy than on screen. 

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